The ~ 250 species of bee in the UK have a range of different nesting preferences, the lack of which has been attributed to certain species not doing so well in certain areas. One important way of helping bee populations is therefore to provide nesting habitat within your garden or other open space you may have.
which is why some nest underground. Abandoned rodent holes or underneath sheds. Some nest above ground, using moss and thick grass. Although there are a range of Bumblebee Nest Boxes for sale, there are cheaper ways to provide nesting habitat for bumblebees. For instance, to the right is an example of how old pallets, some loft insulation and some wooden boarding can make the perfect place for bumblebee colonies.
prefer holes in mortar, hollowed out plant stems, dead-wood or holes dug into bare soil. The most effective way of help solitary bees nest in your garden is with bee hotels, either bought or home made. Bee hotels can also provide nesting sites for other insects, so the are great for increasing biodiversity within the garden. There are a wide variety of hotels to buy, and different ways of making them, see: www.foxleas.com